The main focus of the book is whether globalization and trade liberalization enable business associations to become real representatives of business interests rather than state-controlled or otherwise ineffective organizations in developing countries. The book relies heavily on more than 200 interviews with Moroccan and Tunisian workers and employers to trace changes in business associational life after trade liberalization in the 1980s and 1990s. The core argument is that pre-economic liberalization relations between business and the state condition how business groups organize in the face of large-scale economic change.
The game motif is useful as a metaphor for the broader rivalry between nations
and economic systems with the rise of imperialism and the pursuit of world
power. This game has gone through two major transformations since the days of
Russian-British rivalry, with the rise first of Communism and then of Islam as
world forces opposing imperialism. The main themes of “Postmodern Imperialism:
Geopolitics and the Great Games” include: US imperial strategy as an outgrowth
of British imperialism, and its transformation following the collapse of the
Soviet Union; the significance of the creation of Israel with respect to the
imperial project; the repositioning of Russia in world politics after the
collapse of the Soviet Union; the emerging role of China and Iran in Eurasia;
and, the emerging opposition to the US and NATO. As the critical literature on
NATO, the new Russia, and the Middle East is fragmented, this work brings these
elements together in historical perspective with an understanding from the Arab/
Muslim world’s point of view, as it is the main focus of all the “Great Games”.
It strives to bridge the gap between Western, Russian and Middle Eastern readers
with an analysis that is accessible and appeals to all critical thinkers, and at
the same time provides the tools to analyse the current game as it evolves. The
Great Games of yore – Britain vs. Russia and their empires in the 19th century,
and the US vs. the Soviet Union in the 20th century – no longer translate merely
as the US vs. Russia or Russia/China. A major new player is a collective one,
NATO, which today is as vital as the emperor’s clothes to justify the global
reach of US imperialism. Today, the “playing field” – the geopolitical context –
is broader than it was in either the 19th or 20th century games, though Eurasia
continues to be “centre field”, where most of the world’s population and energy
resources lie. The existence of Israel is an anomaly which seriously complicates
the shaping of the geopolitical game. Its roles in the Great Games as both
colony and an imperial power in its own right, is analysed in the context of the
history of Judaism and its relations with both the western Christian and the
An important book on a topic that has been neglected for too long, “Geopolitics:
A Guide to the Issues” will provide readers with an enhanced understanding of
how geography influences personal, national, and international economics,
politics, and security. The work begins with the history of geopolitics from the
late 19th century to the present, then discusses the intellectual renaissance
the discipline is experiencing today due to the prevalence of international
security threats involving territorial, airborne, space-based, and waterborne
possession and acquisition. The book emphasizes current and emerging
international geopolitical trends, examining how the U.S. and other countries,
including Australia, Brazil, China, India, and Russia, are integrating
geopolitics into national security planning. It profiles international
geopolitical scholars and their work, and it analyzes emerging academic,
military, and governmental literature, including ‘gray’ literature and social
networking technologies, such as blogs and Twitter.
This new book provides fresh and in-depth perspectives on so-called ‘resource wars’.
Highlighting the multiple forms of violence accompanying the history of resources exploitation, business practices supporting predatory regimes, insurgent groups and terrorists, this is an authoritative guide to the struggle for control of the world’s resources.
It includes key conceptual chapters and covers a wide range of case studies including:
* the geopolitics of oil control in the Middle East, Central Asia and Columbia,
* spaces of governance and ‘petro-violence’ in Nigeria
* ‘blood diamonds’ and other minerals associated with conflicts in Sierra Leone and the Congo.