The paramount question at this stage is not what the United States will do in the nuclear domain but how it will act on Irans regional violations of the spirit of the agreement. The 13 October statement describes Irans steady expansion of proxy forces and terrorist networks … in hopes of dominating the greater Middle East … as they try to establish a bridge from Iran to Lebanon and Syria. The administration, according to this document, will address the totality of these threats from and malign activities by the Government of Iran and will seek to bring about a change in the Iranian regimes behavior.Continue reading
Deepening integration of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has become a cornerstone of the debate regarding the future of the European project. Launched in 1992, the EMU refers to the policies that are put in place — at an economic and fiscal level — to drive convergence of EU Member States in three stages, including both the 19 eurozone members, as well as non-euro states.Continue reading
Europe also has ambitious goals to reduce its carbon footprint, in a bid to address global climate change, starting with cutting greenhouse emissions 20 per cent by 2020, 40 per cent by 2030, and going fully carbon neutral by 2050. These goals require a massive integration of renewable energy, along with a reduction of energy consumption. Nonetheless, the implementation of EU carbon reduction targets relies on the full cooperation of absolutely all member states — no one country can achieve this alone. National governments have until the end of 2019 to draft their own plans to comply with the EUs ambitious climate-change goals.Continue reading
The euro is the form of money for the 19 member countries of the eurozone. It’s the second most widely used currency in forex trading after the U.S. dollar. It’s also the second most widely held foreign exchange reserve used by central banks. As of the third quarter 2018, foreign governments held $2.2 trillion compared to $6.6 trillion in U.S. dollar reserves. The International Monetary Fund reports this quarterly in its COFER Table.Continue reading
What’s new? Iran is a rising power in the Middle East, having exploited opportunities arising from the U.S. invasion of Iraq and wars in Syria and Yemen. But where the Islamic Republic’s enemies see a grasping would-be empire, its own strategists see an embattled state redressing historical wrongs.Continue reading
We are in the midst of an energy revolution, led by the United States. As the world’s greatest producer of natural gas moves aggressively to expand its exports of liquefied natural gas (LNG), America stands poised to become an energy superpower―an unanticipated development with far-reaching implications for the international order. Agnia Grigas drills deep into today’s gas markets to uncover the forces and trends transforming the geopolitics of gas. Continue reading
The second, completely updated edition of this widely read and respected guide is the most authoritative survey available on the perennial question of energy security. Energy and Security gathers today’s topmost foreign policy and energy experts and leaders to assess how the United States can integrate its energy and national security interests.
This edition offers fresh analysis and insight into
• Fundamental shifts in the global energy balance • The revolution in shale gas and oil • New energy frontiers, from ultra deepwater to the Arctic • The rising agenda of safety concerns across the energy complex • Energy poverty • Infrastructure for modernizing power grids • Climate security in the current political and economic environment
The contributors offer a lively discussion of the challenges and opportunities presented by these changes and how they affect national security and regional politics around the globe.
Author Robert Bradley, together with Richard Fulmer, have put together an outstanding book that covers this huge subject, beginning with answers to the most fundamental questions (What is energy? Where does energy come from?) through current policy applications (Are we running out of oil? Is the globe warming?). It is ideal for students and classroom use. But it is also the best book for anyone who wants to think and talk intelligently about this huge topic.
It is set up in the form of a textbook, with excellent graphics and clear text, but also contains enough documentation to provide resources for further study. The organization is outstanding and the discussion thorough. For example, under the topic of electricity, we find short descriptions of coal-fired plants, nuclear fission, natural gas, hydroelectric plants, wind power, geothermal energy, microturbines solar power, biomass, fuel cells, and more. A great merit of this book is that it discusses not just the technology but also the economics of various alternative energy sources–a point which is nearly always neglected in the usual literature.
Also not neglected is the area of energy regulation and its effects, and the authors take a free-market perspective.
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region is one of the most water stressed regions in the world. Water scarcity has already become a challenge to development in many of the countries. Due to increasing population and Projected climate change impacts, MENA s annual water demand gap is projected to grow five-fold by 2050, from today s 42 Km3 to 200 km3 by 2050. Despite its extreme scarcity, water is managed poorly. Inefficiencies are common in the agriculture, municipal and industrial systems; and many utilities are financially unsustainable. As a result, countries overexploit their fossil aquifers and use desalination by fossil fuel to meet the water demand Continue reading
In The Power Surge, Michael Levi takes readers inside these revolutions to find out what’s really happening—and which side is right. From the back roads of Ohio where old friends are warring over fracking, to the wilds of Colorado where speculators are chasing the holy grail of oil, he shows how oil and gas production, after decades in decline, are being propelled upward by new technologies and high prices, prompting predictions of an economic renaissance and energy independence within sight. He also visits California eco-startups developing game-changing technologies and Midwest manufacturers betting on a new energy future, showing how more efficient cars and trucks are increasingly dominating the road and costs for renewable energy have plummeted, leading many to herald a future that moves beyond fossil fuels and saves the planet.
Armed with on-the-ground lessons, and drawing on insights from economics, politics, international relations and climate science, The Power Surge takes on the big claims made by both sides in the fight over American energy, explaining why the purists are often wrong. Both revolutions in American energy, Levi argues, offer big opportunities for the country to strengthen its economy, bolster its security, and protect the environment. The Power Surge shows how to seize those opportunities with a new strategy that blends the best of old and new energy while avoiding the real dangers that each one poses.
Sweeping in scope, provocative yet thoughtful, The Power Surge is necessary reading for anyone who wants to understand the changes roiling American energy, and what they mean for our future.