Terrorist groups are destabilizing countries all over the continent
For the past decade, Islamist militant groups have been gaining ground in Africa. In 2015, Nigeria’s Boko Haram became the world’s deadliest terror group. Since then, five African militaries, backed by the US and EU, have tried and failed to defeat them.
The group continues to launch violent attacks and has shifted its focus to the Lake Chad region, one of the poorest and most neglected areas in the world. In the absence of the state government’s presence there, Boko Haram has been exploiting locals, raiding villages, and recruiting people to fight for them.
In 2016, the group split into two. The new group, the Islamic State West Africa, offers protection against Boko Haram to defenseless communities in exchange for a tax and recruits.
The strategy is clear: Exploit poverty and local conflicts in ungoverned spaces. Islamist militant groups have used that as an opportunity to gain momentum across Africa.